There are actually a lot of online resources, here is only a small selection.


VisPy will eventually provide high-level facilities to let scientists create high-quality, high-performance plots without any knowledge of OpenGL. In the meantime, you can learn more about modern OpenGL in the references below.

Even when VisPy is mature enough, knowing OpenGL will still let you write entirely custom interactive visualizations that fully leverage the power of GPUs.


  • The OpenGL Registry contains specifications, header files, and related documentation for OpenGL and related APIs including GLU, GLX, and WGL.

  • Quick reference for the built-in functions of the OpenGL ES Shading Language.

  • The Graphics Codex is an app for 3D graphics students, engineers, teachers, and artists. It provides consistent, correct, and easy-to-understand definitions for technical material.




Matplotlib is a python 2D plotting library which produces publication quality figures in a variety of hardcopy formats and interactive environments across platforms. matplotlib can be used in python scripts, the python and ipython shell (ala MATLAB®* or Mathematica®†), web application servers, and six graphical user interface toolkits.


Glumpy is the sister project of VisPy. It is also a high-performance interactive 2D/3D data visualization library.


Bokeh is a Python interactive visualization library that targets modern web browsers for presentation. Its goal is to provide elegant, concise construction of novel graphics in the style of D3.js, but also deliver this capability with high-performance interactivity over very large or streaming datasets.


Seaborn is a library for making attractive and informative statistical graphics in Python. It is built on top of matplotlib and tightly integrated with the PyData stack, including support for numpy and pandas data structures and statistical routines from scipy and statsmodels.


Kivy is an open source Python library for rapid development of applications that make use of innovative user interfaces, such as multi-touch apps

Scientific Articles#